Historical Results From Pre-World War II World Championships

Photo courtesy Czech National Library

It's really not an overstatement to say that one of the biggest misconceptions in figure skating history are how ISU Championships worked prior to World War II. More often than not, World Championships for different disciplines were held at different times in different countries. As the organization of these events was left largely to the host club or federation, it was extremely common for these events to consist of multiple competitions. Both women's and pairs events were indeed held prior to the first ones that the ISU recognized, as were valsing (waltzing) and tenstep competitions - precursors to the first ice dance competitions at the World Championships in the early fifties. These records not only paint a more accurate picture of these competitions, but shed further light on some of the careers of the top skaters of the early twentieth century. 

These results were compiled from various sources, including British, Swiss, Austrian, German, Swedish, Norwegian and Hungarian newspaper archives and back issues of "Skating" magazine. A very special thank you to German skating historian Dr. Matthias Hampe for his generous assistance with the correct names and spellings of many of the German and Austrian skaters that are listed.

A few notes:
- A '*' next to a category denotes that it was a World Championship event.
- In many cases, you will see multiple events for the same discipline. It wasn't uncommon for organizers to hold one competition for a World title and another for senior skaters who didn't wish to compete for that title. 
- Many of these competitions were also held in conjunction with speed skating races, ice hockey games, which haven't been noted.

1896

St. Petersburg, Russia

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gilbert Fuchs

Gustav Hügel

Georg Sanders

Special Figures

Georg Sanders

Gilbert Fuchs

Gustav Hügel

1897

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gustav Hügel

Ulrich Salchow

Johan Peter Lefstad

1898

London, England


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Henning Grenander

Gustav Hügel

Gilbert Fuchs

Challenge Shield For Combined Skating In The English Style (British Championship)

C.E. Bell's team (C.E. Bell, H.M. Morris, D. Mann, Robert Muirhead Hewett)

International Skating Club of Davos (J. Le Fleming, George K. Wood, H.B. Hawes, E. Gwynne-Evans)

Ipswich team (L.E. Pretty, Frank Pretty, Stanley Turner, S.A. Notcutt)


1899

Davos, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gustav Hügel

Ulrich Salchow

Edgar Syers

1900

Davos, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Gustav Hügel

(no other competitors)

1901

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Gilbert Fuchs

(no other competitors)

Pairs (International Amateur Figure Skating Championships for the Nordiska Spelens pris)

Christine (Engelmann) von Szabo and Gustav Euler

Madge and Edgar Syers

Hedwig Müller and Martin Gordan

Men (International Amateur Figure Skating Championships for the Nordiska Spelens pris)

Oscar Holthe

Einar de Flon

Martin Gordan

Same-Sex Pairs (Nordisks Spelens pris)

Egron Wirström and Nils Rosenius

E. Ehrnström and E. Nordling

Walter Rosenberger and Per Thorén

1902

London, England


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Madge Syers

Martin Gordan

Pairs

Madge and Edgar Syers

Emmy Sjöberg and Christian Soldan

Hedwig (Müller) Weingartner and Martin Gordan

Valsing

Gladys Duddell and French Brewster

Miss Irby and Mr. Adams

Miss Marshall and Mr. Clayton

English Style – Challenge Cup (Combined Skating)

Frank G. Fedden (partnered by H.M. Morris)

Phyllis Squire (partnered by H.D. Hoffman)

H.M. Morris (partnered by Frank G. Fedden)

English Style – Individiual (British Championships)

Frank G. Fedden

Alan J. Davidson

(no other competitors)

English Style – Team (British Championships)

H.D. Hoffman's team (H.D. Hoffmann, Phyllis Squire, H.M. Morris, H.M. Elder)

Figure Skating Club team (Frank G. Fedden, George R. Wood, Alan J. Davidson, F.T. Leeming)

Mr. Hawes' team (F.B.O. Hawes, A.W. Bristow, W.A. Russell, R. Moreland)

1903

St. Petersburg, Russia


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Nikolay Panin-Kolomenkin

Max Bohatsch

Pairs

Christine (Engelmann) von Szabo and Carl Euler

Mizzi and Max Bohatsch

(no other competitors)

Men (Jubilee Prize)

Herr Roß

Karl Ollo

Fedor Datlin

1904

Berlin, Germany


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Heinrich Burger

Martin Gordan

Pairs (Jubilee Prize)

Madge and Edgar Syers

Christine (Engelmann) von Szabo and Gustav Euler

Fraulein Müller and Herr Rasche

Men (Jubilee Prize)

Anton Steiner

Herr Hoffmann

Ernst Lassahn

Pairs (Internationales Paarlaufen)

Frau and Anton Beranek

Frau and Herr Hoffmann

Frieda Bellinger and Franz Zilly

Junior Men

Max Rendschmidt

Herr Hagenow

Adolf Schmidt

1905

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Max Bohatsch

Per Thorén

Women (International Amateur Figure Skating Championships for the Nordiska Spelens pris)

Muriel Harrison

Lili Kronberger

Mrs. Kellie

Pairs (International Amateur Figure Skating Championships for the Nordiska Spelens pris)

Mizzi and Max Bohatsch

Madge and Edgar Syers

Valborg and Emil Lindahl

Men (International Amateur Figure Skating Championships for the Nordiska Spelens pris)

Bror Meyer

Karl Axel Holmström

Nils Rosenius

1906

Munich, Germany


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gilbert Fuchs

Heinrich Burger

Bror Meyer

Pairs

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Fraulein Beer and Ludwig Niedermayer

Frau and Grete Pfeiffer

Men (German Championships)

Heinrich Burger

Karl Zenger

Martin Gordan

Junior Men

Georg Velisch

Alois Wilschek

Robert Sonder

Junior Women

Elsa Rendschmidt

Anna Hübler

(no other competitors)

Davos, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men (European Championships)

Ulrich Salchow

Ernst Herz

Per Thorén

Women*

Madge Syers

Jenny Herz

Lili Kronberger

Pairs

Madge and Edgar Syers

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Phyllis (Squire) and James Henry Johnson

Women (Internationales Damenlaufen)

Elsa Rendschmidt

Jenny Herz

Anna Hübler

1907

Vienna, Austria-Hungary


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Max Bohatsch

Gilbert Fuchs

Women*

Madge Syers

Jenny Herz

Lili Kronberger

Pairs

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Phyllis (Squire) and James Henry Johnson

Madge and Edgar Syers

Pairs “for all couples not going to big pair skating”

Helene Kuich and Karl Mejstrik

Else Barthel and Alois Wilschek

(no other competitors)

Karl von Korper Prize

Max Rendschmidt

Fedor Datlin

Gustav Schöning

1908

Troppau, Austria-Hungary


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Gilbert Fuchs

Heinrich Burger

Women*

Lili Kronberger

Elsa Rendschmidt

(no other competitors)

Pairs

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Else Barthel and Alois Wilschek

Helene Kuich and Karl Mejstrik

Men (Internationales Seniorlaufen)

Alois Wilschek

Oscar Hoppe

Erich Gutleben

St. Petersburg, Russia


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men (Alexander Panschin Wanderpreis)

Nikolay Panin-Kolomenkin

Ulrich Salchow

Karl Ollo

Women

Lili Kronberger

Elsa Rendschmidt

Elna Montgomery

Pairs*

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Phyllis (Squire) and James Henry Johnson

Lidia Popova and Aleksandr Fischer

1909

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Per Thorén

Ernst Herz

Women

Elsa Rendschmidt

Zsófia Méray-Horváth

Elna Montgomery

Pairs*

Phyllis (Squire) and James Henry Johnson

Valborg Lindahl and Nils Rosenius

Gertrud Ström and Richard Johansson

Budapest, Austria-Hungary


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men (European Championships)

Ulrich Salchow

Gilbert Fuchs

Per Thorén

Women*

Lili Kronberger

(no other competitors)

(no other competitors)

Pairs

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Helene Kuich and Karl Mejstrik

Ludovika Eilers and Walter Jakobsson

Men (International Senior Herrenkunst)

Andor Szende

Walter Jakobsson

Ludwig Richard

Women (International Senior Damenkunst)

Jenny Herz

Elsa Rendschmidt

Zsófia Méray-Horváth

Junior Men

Robert Sander

George Müller

B. Wrobel

Junior Women

Helene Fräter

Hedwig Müller

Hermine Proschel-Kunz

1910

Davos, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Werner Rittberger

Andor Szende

Pairs

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Ludovika Eilers and Walter Jakobsson

Hedwig (Müller) and Hugo Winzer

Berlin, Germany


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Elsa Rendschmidt

Lili Kronberger

(no other competitors)

Pairs*

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Ludovika Eilers and Walter Jakobsson

Phyllis (Squire) and James Henry Johnson

1911

Berlin, Germany


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Werner Rittberger

Fritz Kachler

Women

Zsófia Méray-Horváth

Grete Strasilla

(no other competitors)

Pairs

Alice Rolle and Bruno Grauel

Else and Heinrich Weber

(no other competitors)

Valsing

Else and Heinrich Weber

Alice Rolle and Bruno Grauel

Fraulein Lehmann and Herr Maerländer

Junior Men

Artur Vieregg

F. Born

Erwin Schwarzböck

Vienna, Austria-Hungary


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men

Fritz Kachler

Harald Rooth

Walter Jakobsson

Women*

Lili Kronberger

Zsófia Méray-Horváth

Ludovika Eilers

Pairs*

Ludovika (Eilers) and Walter Jakobsson

(no other competitors)

(no other competitors)

Junior Men

Artur Vieregg

Rudolf Kutzer

Erwin Schwarzböck

1912

Manchester, England


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Fritz Kachler

Werner Rittberger

Andor Szende

Pairs*

Phyllis (Squire) and James Henry Johnson

Ludovika (Eilers) and Walter Jakobsson

Alexia (Schøien) and Yngvar Bryn

Junior

Basil Williams

Walter Hennig

Herbert James Clarke

Davos, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Zsófia Méray-Horváth

Dorothy Greenhough Smith

Phyllis (Squire) Johnson

Junior Men

Basil Williams

Francis Pigueron

Ernst Seitz

Waltzing

Daphne Wrinch and Herr H. Jensen

Lady Cadogan and Arthur Cumming

Gwendolyn Lycett and Louis Magnus

1913

Vienna, Austria-Hungary


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Fritz Kachler

Willy Böckl

Andor Szende

Junior Men

Alfred Berger

Karl Linsenmeyer

Ferdinand Weber

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men (Nordiska Spelens Prize)

Gösta Sandahl

Harald Rooth

Arthur Cumming

Women*

Zsófia Méray-Horváth

Phyllis (Squire) Johnson

Svea Norén

Pairs*

Helene Engelmann and Karl Mejstrik

Ludovika (Eilers) and Walter Jakobsson

Christine (Engelmann) von Szabo and Leo Horwitz

Women (International Prize)

Eva Lindahl

Astrid Nordsveen

Margit Johansen

1914

Helsinki, Finland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gösta Sandahl

Fritz Kachler

Willy Böckl

Women

Anna-Lisa Allardt

Magda Mauroy

(no other competitors)

St. Moritz, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Zsófia Méray-Horváth

Angela Hanka

Phyllis (Squire) Johnson

Pairs*

Ludovika (Eilers) and Walter Jakobsson

Helene Engelmann and Karl Mejstrik

Christine (Engelmann) von Szabo and Leo Horwitz

Junior Men

Paul Jarosz

Kenneth Macdonald Beaumont

Herbert James Clarke

1922

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gillis Grafström

Fritz Kachler

Willy Böckl

Women*

Herma Szabo

Svea Norén

Margot Moe

Pairs

Ludovika (Eilers) and Walter Jakobsson

Helfrid and Agard Palm

(no other competitors)

Davos, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Pairs*

Helene Engelmann and Alfred Berger

Ludovika (Eilers) and Walter Jakobsson

Margarethe and Paul Metzner

1923

Vienna, Austria


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Fritz Kachler

Willy Böckl

Gösta Sandahl

Women*

Herma Szabo

Gisela Reichmann

Svea Norén

Pairs

Margrete Weise and Georg Velisch

Lisl Meisner and Oscar Hoppe

Elle and

Öskar May


Men (Senior, not contesting World title)

Jack Ferguson Page

Emil von Bertanlaffy

Karl Kronfuss

Women (Senior, not contesting World title)

Käthe Wulff

Hildegard Thiel

Mizzi Schilling

Oslo, Norway


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men (European Championships)

Willy Böckl

Martin Stixrud

Gunnar Jakobsson

Women

Herma Szabo

Margot Moe

Ingrid Guldbransen

Pairs*

Ludovika (Eilers) and Walter Jakobsson

Alexia and Yngvar Bryn

Elna Henrikson and Kaj af Ekström

1924

Manchester, England


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gillis Grafström

Willy Böckl

Ernst Oppacher

Women

Ethel Muckelt

Cecil Smith

Kathleen Shaw

Pairs*

Helene Engelmann and Alfred Berger

Ethel Muckelt and Jack Ferguson Page

Elna Henrikson and Kaj af Ekström

Waltz

Miss Lancashire and Henry C. Lowther

Ethel Muckelt and Jack Ferguson Page

Kathleen Lovett and Albert Proctor Burman

Tenstep

Miss Lancashire and Henry C. Lowther

Ethel Muckelt and Jack Ferguson Page

Miss Aspinall and Mr. Burwell

Oslo, Norway


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men

Zakken Johansen Jr.

Jens Larsen

(no other competitors)

Women*

Herma Szabo

Ellen Brockhöft

Beatrix Loughran

Pairs

Randi Bakke and Christen Christensen

Margit and Bjarne Engebretsen

Fru Quinland and Herr Zürig

1925

Vienna, Austria


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Fritz Kachler

Otto Preißecker

Women (Internationales Damen-Kunstlaufen um den Gurschnerpreis)

Melitta Brunner

Ilse Hornung

Hildegard Thiel

Pairs*

Herma Szabo and Ludwig Wrede

Andrée Joly and Pierre Brunet

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Men (Internationales Herren-Kunstlaufen um den Preis des Wiener Eislauf-Vereines)

Ernst Oppacher

Hugo Distler

Paul Jarosz

Davos, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women

Herma Szabo

Ellen Brockhöft

Elisabeth Böckel

1926

Berlin, Germany


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Otto Preißecker

Jack Ferguson Page

Women

Ellen Brockhöft

Elisabeth Böckel

Hildegard Thiel

Pairs*

Andrée Joly and Pierre Brunet

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Herma Szabo and Ludwig Wrede

Men (Senioren Kunstlaufen)

Walter Jakobsson

Paul Jarosz

Herbert Haertel

Pairs (Senioren Paarlaufen)

Ethel Muckelt and Jack Ferguson Page

Else Flebbe and Bruno Grauel

Else and Oscar Hoppe

Valsing (“Berliner Zeitung Preis”)

Ethel Muckelt and Jack Ferguson Page

Else Flebbe and Bruno Grauel

Olga Schiffelers and Robert van Zeebroeck

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women

Herma Szabo

Sonja Henie

Kathleen Shaw

1927

Davos, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Otto Preißecker

Karl Schäfer

Pairs

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Ilse Kishauer and Ernst Gaste

(no other competitors)

Oslo, Norway


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men

Walter Müller

Artur Vieregg

O.R. Kolderup

Women*

Sonja Henie

Herma Szabo

Karen Simensen

Vienna, Austria


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men (European Championships)

Willy Böckl

Hugo Distler

Karl Schäfer

Women

Herma Szabo

Fritzi Burger

Melitta Brunner

Pairs*

Herma Szabo and Ludwig Wrede

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Liesl and Oscar Hoppe

Men (international senior)

Herbert Haertel

(no other competitors)

(no other competitors)

Waltzing

Minna Klingel and Willy Petter

(no other competitors)

(no other competitors)

1928

Berlin, Germany


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Karl Schäfer

Hugo Distler

Women

Fritzi Burger

Melitta Brunner

Ellen Brockhöft

Pairs

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Melitta Brunner and Ludwig Wrede

Ilse Kishauer and Ernst Gaste

Men

Markus Nikkanen

Ernst Baier

Hugo Danzig

Junior Men

Ernst Baier

William Nagle

Rudolf Praznowski

Junior Women

Lilly Weiller

Grete Lainer

Annemarie Deitze

Tanz-Wettbewerb (Dance Competition)

Frieda Staffa and Eugen Richter

Trude Wintersteiner and Walter Malek

Frau and Herr Strumling

London, England


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Sonja Henie

Maribel Vinson

Fritzi Burger

Pairs*

Andrée Joly and Pierre Brunet

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Melitta Brunner and Ludwig Wrede

Waltzing

Kathleen Lovett and Jack Ferguson Page

Maribel Vinson and Roger Turner

Dorothy Greenhough Smith and Conrad Rivett

1929

London, England


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gillis Grafström

Karl Schäfer

Ludwig Wrede

Women

Fritzi Burger

Melitta Brunner

Kathleen Shaw

Pairs

Melitta Brunner and Ludwig Wrede

Ilse Kishauer and Ernst Gaste

Ethel Muckelt and Jack Ferguson Page

Budapest, Hungary


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Sonja Henie

Fritzi Burger

Melitta Brunner

Pairs*

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Melitta Brunner and Ludwig Wrede

Olga Orgonista and Sándor Szalay

1930

New York City, United States


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Roger Turner

Georges Gautschi

Women*

Sonja Henie

Cecil Smith

Maribel Vinson

Pairs*

Andrée (Joly) and Pierre Brunet

Melitta Brunner and Ludwig Wrede

Beatrix Loughran and Sherwin Badger

1931

Berlin, Germany


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Roger Turner

Ernst Baier

Women*

Sonja Henie

Hilde Holovsky

Fritzi Burger

Pairs*

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Olga Orgonista and Sándor Szalay

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

1932

Montreal, Canada


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Montgomery 'Bud' Wilson

Ernst Baier

Women*

Sonja Henie

Fritzi Burger

Constance (Wilson) Samuel

Pairs*

Andrée (Joly) and Pierre Brunet

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Beatrix Loughran and Sherwin Badger

1933

Zürich, Switzerland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Ernst Baier

Markus Nikkanen

Women

Hilde Holovsky

Grete Lainer

Olly Holzmann

Pairs

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

Hansi Kast and Otto Kaiser

Mr. and Mrs. Anderson

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Sonja Henie

Vivi-Anne Hultén

Hilde Holovsky

Pairs*

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

Randi Bakke and Christen Christensen

1934

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Ernst Baier

Erich Erdös

Women

Megan Taylor

Vivi-Anne Hultén

Maribel Vinson

Pairs

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Oslo, Norway


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Sonja Henie

Megan Taylor

Liselotte Landbeck

Helsinki, Finland


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men

Markus Nikkanen

Dénes Pataky

Erich Erdös

Pairs*

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

1935

Budapest, Hungary


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Jack Dunn

Dénes Pataky

Pairs*

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Ilse and Erich Pausin

Lucy Gallo and Rezső Dillinger

Junior Men

Herbert Alward

Béla Barcza

Kristóf Kállay

Junior Women

Hedy Stenuf

Éva von Botond

Gina von Botond

Vienna, Austria


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Sonja Henie

Cecilia Colledge

Vivi-Anne Hultén

1936

Paris, France


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Henry Graham Sharp

Felix Kaspar

Women*

Sonja Henie

Megan Taylor

Vivi-Anne Hultén

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Ilse and Erich Pausin

Violet (Supple) and Leslie Cliff

1937

Vienna, Austria


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Felix Kaspar

Henry Graham Sharp

Elemér Terták

Women

Emmy Puzinger

Hanne Niernberger

Martha Maria Mayerhans

London, England


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Cecilia Colledge

Megan Taylor

Vivi-Anne Hultén

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Ilse and Erich Pausin

Violet (Supple) and Leslie Cliff

1938

Berlin, Germany


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Felix Kaspar

Henry Graham Sharp

Herbert Alward

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Ilse and Erich Pausin

Inge Koch and Günther Noack

Junior Women

Herta Wächtler

Anita Wageler

Erna Scheibert

Stockholm, Sweden


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Megan Taylor

Cecilia Colledge

Hedy Stenuf

1939

Budapest, Hungary


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Henry Graham Sharp

Freddie Tomlins

Horst Faber

Women (Jubilee Prize)

Daphne Walker

Hanne Niernberger

Éva von Botond

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Ilse and Erich Pausin

Inge Koch and Günther Noack

Prague, Czechoslovakia


Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Megan Taylor

Hedy Stenuf

Daphne Walker


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Historical Results From Pre-World War II European Championships

Photo courtesy Czech National Library

It's really not an overstatement to say that one of the biggest misconceptions in figure skating history are how ISU Championships worked prior to World War II. More often than not, European Championships for different disciplines were held at different times in different countries. As the organization of these events was left largely to the host club or federation, it was extremely common for these events to consist of multiple competitions. Both women's and pairs events were indeed held prior to the first ones that the ISU recognized, as were valsing (waltzing) competitions. These records not only paint a more accurate picture of these competitions, but shed further light on some of the careers of the top skaters of the early twentieth century. 

These results were compiled from various sources, including British, Swiss, Austrian, German, Swedish, Norwegian and Hungarian newspaper archives and back issues of "Skating" magazine. A very special thank you to German skating historian Dr. Matthias Hampe for his generous assistance with the correct names and spellings of many of the German and Austrian skaters that are listed.

A few notes:
- A '*' next to a category denotes that it was a World Championship event.
- In many cases, you will see multiple events for the same discipline. It wasn't uncommon for organizers to hold one competition for a World title and another for senior skaters who didn't wish to compete for that title. 
- Many of these competitions were also held in conjunction with speed skating races, ice hockey games, which haven't been noted.

1891

Hamburg, Germany

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Oskar Uhlig

A. Schmitson

Franz Zilly


1892

Vienna, Austria-Hungary

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Eduard Engelmann Jr.

Tibor von Földváry

Georg Zachariades

Junior Men

Gustav Hügel

Emil Ritter von Meissner

(no other competitors)


1893

Berlin, Germany

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Eduard Engelmann Jr.

Tibor von Földváry

Georg Zachariades


In 1895, the ISU nullified the results of this competition. An account of this event in the February 4, 1893 issue of "The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News" noted, "E. Engelmann was the most graceful skater, but on the judges' cards being examined it was noted that there was a fractionally larger vote for H. Grenander. A further examination, however, showed that there were serious errors on the part of some of the judges, and Mr. [W.J.H.] Mulier, on behalf of the International Skating Union, refused to allow the prizes to be awarded, and has reported the whole matter to the general committee of the Union."

1894

Vienna, Austria-Hungary

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Eduard Engelmann Jr.

Gustav Hügel

Tibor von Földváry

Pairs

Christine Engelmann and Karl Euler

Mizzi Beck and Ludwig Fänner

Sofie Reininger and M. Deuerling

Junior Men

Emil Ritter von Meissner

Josef Fellner

S. Brauner


1895

Budapest, Austria-Hungary

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Tibor von Földváry

Gustav Hügel

Gilbert Fuchs

Pairs

Christine Engelmann and Karl Euler

Carla Edle von Nagy-Búkk and Otto Schwarz

Mizzi Beck and Ludwig Fänner


1898

Trondheim, Norway

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Johan Peter Lefstad

Oscar Holthe


1899

Davos, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Gustav Hügel

Ernst Fellner


1900

Berlin, Germany

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Gustav Hügel

Oscar Holthe

Pairs

Mizzi and Otto Bohatsch

Madge Cave and Edgar Syers

Else Neubeck and Gustav Stahlberg

Same-Sex Pairs

Karl and Gustav Euler

Egon Robitsek and Adolph Kleeman

Gustav Feix and Anton Steiner

Men (International)

Oscar Holthe

Joseph Weiss

Richard Meidinger

Junior Men

Edgar Syers

Anton Steiner

(no other competitors)

Men "for the honorary award of the imperial capital and residence in the city of Vienna"

Gustav Euler

Alfred Klement

Max Bohatsch


1901

Vienna, Austria-Hungary

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gustav Hügel

Gilbert Fuchs

Ulrich Salchow

Same-Sex Pairs

Carl and Gustav Euler

Wilhelm Weißmandl and Mony Kleeman

Egon Robitsek and Adolph Kleeman

Men (Internationales Reulings-Kunstlaufen)

Adolph Kleeman

Robert**

Leo Geiger

Men (Der Preis der Stadt Wein)

Max Bohatsch

Anton Steiner

Martin Gordan


**The January 14, 1901 issue of the "Neues Wiener Tagblatt" noted that "Robert", the second-place finisher in the Internationales Reulings-Kunstlaufen event, was competing under a pseudonym.

1904

Davos, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Max Bohatsch

Nikolay Panin-Kolomenkin

Pairs

Christine (Engelmann) von Szabo and Gustav Euler

Madge and Edgar Syers

Phyllis Squire and James Henry Johnson


1905

Bonn, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Max Bohatsch

Heinrich Burger

Karl Zenger

Pairs

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Frieda Bellinger and Franz Zilly

Fraulein Holbe and K. Nietz

Junior Men

Karl Schmidt

K. Nietz

Dr. H. Rüdiger

Junior Women

Anna Hübler

Fraulein Holbe

(no other competitors)


1906

Davos, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Ernst Herz

Per Thorén

Women (World Championships)

Madge Syers

Jenny Herz

Lili Kronberger

Pairs

Madge and Edgar Syers

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Phyllis (Squire) and James Henry Johnson

Women (Internationales Damenlaufen)

Elsa Rendschmidt

Jenny Herz

Anna Hübler


1907

Berlin, Germany

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Gilbert Fuchs

Ernst Herz

Women

Elsa Rendschmidt

Phyllis (Squire) Johnson

Anna Hübler

Pairs

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Phyllis (Squire) and James Henry Johnson

(no other competitors)

Men (Senior)

Gustav Schöning


Karl Ollo

Max Rendschmidt

Men (Junior)

Alois Wilschek

Herr Gutleben

Adolf Schmidt


1908

Warsaw, Poland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Max Bohatsch

Nikolay Panin-Kolomenkin

Men (Senior)

Karl Ollo

Fedor Datlin

B. Wrobel


1909

Budapest, Hungary

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Gilbert Fuchs

Per Thorén

Women (World Championships)

Lili Kronberger

(no other competitors)

(no other competitors)

Pairs

Anna Hübler and Heinrich Burger

Helene Kuich and Karl Mejstrik

Ludovika Eilers and Walter Jakobsson

Men (International Senior Herrenkunst)

Andor Szende

Walter Jakobsson

Ludwig Richard

Women (International Senior Damenkunst)

Jenny Herz

Elsa Rendschmidt

Zsófia Méray-Horváth

Junior Men

Robert Sander

George Müller

B. Wrobel

Junior Women

Helene Fräter

Hedwig Müller

Hermine Proschel-Kunz


1910

Berlin, Germany

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Werner Rittberger

Per Thorén

Women

Elsa Rendschmidt

Fraulein Sonder

(no other competitors)

Pairs

Ludovika Eilers and Walter Jakobsson

Fraulein and Robert Sonder

Else and Heinrich Weber

Men (Senior)

Fritz Kachler

Harald Rooth

Harry Paulsen

Junior Men

Louis Magnus

Herr Zollner

Herr Bomhardt

Junior Women

Ludovika Eilers

Fraulein Sonder

Grete Strasilla


1911

St. Petersburg, Russia

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Per Thorén

Karl Ollo

Werner Rittberger

Women

Ludovika Eilers

Xenia Caesar

Lidia Popova

Pairs

Ludovika Eilers and Walter Jakobsson

(not recorded)

(not recorded)


1912

Stockholm, Sweden

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Gösta Sandahl

Ivan Malinin

Martin Stixrud


1913

Oslo, Norway

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Ulrich Salchow

Andor Szende

Willy Böckl

Women

Margit Johansen

Astrid Nordsveen

Eva Lindahl

Pairs

Alexia Schøien and Yngvar Bryn

Solveig Andersen and Arthur Johannessen

Herr and Fraulein Jensen


1914

Vienna, Austria-Hungary

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Fritz Kachler

Andreas Krogh

Willy Böckl

Women

Gisela Reichmann

Paula Zalaudek

(no other competitors)

Pairs

Christine (Engelmann) von Szabo and Leo Horwitz

Helene Engelmann and Karl Mejstrik

(no other competitors)

Men (Preis de Wiener Eislaufverein)

Ernst Oppacher

Erwin Schwarzböck

Josef Oppacher


1922

Davos, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Fritz Kachler

Ernst Oppacher


1923

Oslo, Norway

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Martin Stixrud

Gunnar Jakobsson

Women

Herma Szabo

Margot Moe

Ingrid Guldbransen

Pairs (World Championships)

Ludovika (Eilers) and Walter Jakobsson

Alexia and Yngvar Bryn

Elna Henrikson and Kaj af Ekström


1924

Davos, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Fritz Kachler

Ludwig Wrede

Werner Rittberger


1925

Triberg, Germany

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Werner Rittberger

Otto Preißecker

Women

Hildegard Thiel

Elisabeth Böckel

Käthe Wulff

Men (International)

Hugo Distler

Fritz Schober

Karl Kronfuss

Junior Men

Karl Kronfuss

Ernst Baier

Herr Strebel


1926

Davos, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Otto Preißecker

Georges Gautschi

Pairs

Gisela Hochhaltinger and Georg Pamperl

Ethel Muckelt and Jack Ferguson Page

Hertha Trauzl and Heinrich Schrepfer


1927

Vienna, Austria

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Hugo Distler

Karl Schäfer

Women

Herma Szabo

Fritzi Burger

Melitta Brunner

Pairs (World Championships)

Herma Szabo and Ludwig Wrede

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Liesl and Oscar Hoppe

Men (international senior)

Herbert Haertel

(no other competitors)

(no other competitors)

Waltzing

Minna Klingel and Willy Petter

(no other competitors)

(no other competitors)


1928

Troppau, Czechoslovakia

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Willy Böckl

Karl Schäfer

Otto Preißecker

Women

Melitta Brunner

Edith Hecht

Gerda Hornung

Pairs

Melitta Brunner and Ludwig Wrede

Else and Oscar Hoppe

Emília Rotter and László Szollás


1929

Davos, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Georges Gautschi

Ludwig Wrede

Women

Melitta Brunner

Ilse Hornung

Else Flebbe

Pairs

Lilly Scholz and Otto Kaiser

Melitta Brunner and Ludwig Wrede

Gisela Hochhaltinger and Otto Preißecker


1930

Štrbské Pleso, Czechoslovakia

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Josef Slíva

Karl Schäfer

Otto Gold


Due to judging irregularities, the results of this competition were nullified. A second competition was held in Berlin, Germany.

Berlin, Germany

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Otto Gold

Markus Nikkanen

Women

Fritzi Burger

Vivi-Anne Hultén

Ilse Hornung

Pairs

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Ilse Kishauer and Ernst Gaste

Else and Oscar Hoppe


Vienna, Austria

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Fritzi Burger

Ilse Hornung

Vivi-Anne Hultén

Pairs*

Olga Orgonista and Sándor Szalay

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Gisela Hochhaltinger and Otto Preißecker


1931

Vienna, Austria

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Ernst Baier

Hugo Distler

Women (Internationales Damen-Kunstlaufen um den Wanderpreis des Vereines Kunsteisbahn am Sportsplatz Engelmann)

Ilse Hornung

Helga Schrittwieser-Dietz

Olly Holzmann

Pairs

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

Gitta Rimmel and Adolf Rosdol

Ridi and Pepo Jauernigg


St. Moritz, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men

Hugo Distler

Marcell Vadas

Ernst Baier

Women*

Sonja Henie

Fritzi Burger

Hilde Holovsky

Pairs*

Olga Orgonista and Sándor Szalay

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Lilly Gaillard and Willy Petter

Junior Men

Erich Erdös

Leslie White

Richard Hammer

Junior Women

Liselotte Landbeck

Megan Taylor

Olly Holzmann


1932

Paris, France

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Ernst Baier

Erich Erdös

Women*

Sonja Henie

Fritzi Burger

Vivi-Anne Hultén

Pairs*

Andrée (Joly) and Pierre Brunet

Lilly (Scholz) Gaillard and Willy Petter

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack


1933

London, England

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Ernst Baier

Erich Erdös

Women*

Sonja Henie

Cecilia Colledge

Fritzi Burger

Pairs*

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

Lilly (Scholz) Gaillard and Willy Petter

Mollie Phillips and Rodney Murdoch

Waltzing

Ethel Muckelt and Ronald D. Gilbey

Violet Supple and Leslie Cliff

Betty Meakin and Jack Dunn


1934

Seefeld, Austria

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Dénes Pataky

Elemér Terták

Women

Liselotte Landbeck

Grete Lainer

Helga Schrittwieser-Dietz

Pairs

Herta Baumgartner and Rolf Stillebacher

Fraulein Tusak and Herr Ballazs

Mlle. Hauser and Erwin Keller

Men (Senior)

T.C. Patrick Low

Emil Ratzenhofer

Ernst Fenner

Junior Women

Emmy Puzinger

Hertha Dexler

Bianca Schenk


Prague, Czechoslovakia

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Sonja Henie

Liselotte Landbeck

Maribel Vinson

Pairs*

Emília Rotter and László Szollás

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

Zofia Bilorówna and Tadeusz Kowalski


1935

St. Moritz, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Felix Kaspar

Ernst Baier

Women*

Sonja Henie

Liselotte Landbeck

Cecilia Colledge

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Idi Papez and Karl Zwack

Lucy Gallo and Rezső Dillinger

Junior Men

Herbert Alward

Gunther Lorenz

(no other competitors)

Junior Women

Maria Schweinburg

Angela Anderes

Daphne Walker


1936

Berlin, Germany

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Karl Schäfer

Henry Graham Sharp

Ernst Baier

Women*

Sonja Henie

Cecilia Colledge

Megan Taylor

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Violet (Supple) and Leslie Cliff

Piroska and Attila Szekrényessy


1937

Prague, Czechoslovakia

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Felix Kaspar

Henry Graham Sharp

Elemér Terták

Women*

Cecilia Colledge

Megan Taylor

Emmy Puzinger

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Ilse and Erich Pausin

Piroska and Attila Szekrényessy


1938

St. Moritz, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Felix Kaspar

Henry Graham Sharp

Herbert Alward

Women*

Cecilia Colledge

Megan Taylor

Emmy Puzinger

Pairs

Inge Koch and Günther Noack

Violet (Supple) and Leslie Cliff

Pierrette and Paul Du Bois


Troppau, Czechoslovakia

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Ilse and Erich Pausin

Inge Koch and Günther Noack

Junior Men

Elemér Terták

Emil Ratzenhofer

Ferenc Kertesz

Junior Women

Nadine Szilassy

Lilly König

Anna Pollack


1939

Davos, Switzerland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Men*

Henry Graham Sharp

Freddie Tomlins

Horst Faber


London, England

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Women*

Cecilia Colledge

Megan Taylor

Daphne Walker

British Junior Men

Dennis Silverthorne

Adrian Pryce-Jones

Peter J. Scholes

British Junior Women

Elizabeth M. Whittington

Winnie Silverthorne

K. Everard


Zakopane, Poland

Category

Winner

2nd

3rd

Pairs*

Maxi Herber and Ernst Baier

Ilse and Erich Pausin

Inge Koch and Günther Noack

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